IMI and MIT teamed up recently to build a half-scale replica of a Guastavino vault as part of a dynamic new exhibit, “Palaces for the People,” at the Boston Public Library. The exhibit showcases the work of Rafael Guastavino, Sr. and the architectural innovation that he helped bring about with the dramatic vaults in public spaces in the late 19th and early 20th century America. MIT Professor John Ochsendorf says, “By bringing together professional craftworkers, architects and engineers to work on this project, we are able to understand more about the techniques that were used and have the ability to create new vaults for the future.” Craftworkers from the International Union of Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers (BAC) worked alongside MIT students to build the model.
The exhibit will move to the National Building Museum in Washington, D.C. in early 2013 and afterwards to New York City. All three cities have amazing examples of Guastavino vaults in various locations around the cities. More information on the exhibit and Guastavino vaults can be found at www.palacesforthepeople.com, including a video on the construction of the vault replica. For more information about the Guastavino exhibit, contact firstname.lastname@example.org comment
As IMI points out to designers, walls with high thermal mass such as masonry actually perform much better than simply adding insulation.
IMI has partnered with MCAA and CCMPA to have Dr. Mark McGinley (University of Louisville) conduct a study using whole building energy models to determine code compliant designs for single wythe masonry buildings in climate zones 3 – 7, which include most of northern US and southern Canada. It addresses both US and Canadian codes.
Here is a brief excerpt from the proposal to underscore the need for the study:
“In most climates in the US, the code mandated prescriptive envelope requirements would require that single wythe exterior masonry walls be continuously insulated with insulation R values varying from 5.7 ft²•°F•h/Btu to over 15 ft²•°F•h/Btu . This requirement greatly impacts the cost of these wall systems and often detrimentally affects their durability and maintenance costs. Furthermore most of the design guides that have been developed for energy efficient design start with the assumption that increases in building envelope thermal resistance are needed to improve a building’s energy efficiency. Thus most designers assume that a high R building envelope is needed for a building to be energy efficient. However, a recent study by the author of this proposal (Dr. Mark McGinley) has shown that increasing insulation in a building may have only a minimal effect on the overall energy performance of the building, especially for walls with a high thermal mass. Providing large increases in the thermal resistance of the building envelope will not necessarily result in a corresponding reduction in building energy use. It appears that after a certain point “more is not necessarily better”.No comments